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Symptoms of Addiction
- According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), symptoms of a substance use disorder may include:
- Often use substance more than intended
- Cravings to use the substance
- A desire or unsuccessful attempts to control, decrease, or stop substance use
- Ongoing need to increase use to achieve same effect
- Relationships negatively impacted by substance use
- Recurrent use of substance in risky situations
- Substance interferes with fulfilling obligations
- Continued substance use despite the problems it causes
- Stopping or decreasing important activities because of the substance
- Excessive time spent obtaining, using, or recovering
- Withdrawal symptoms if substance use is stopped
Effects of Addiction
The disease of addiction can impact an individual not only on a biological level but also on psychological, social, and spiritual levels. Addiction may negatively impact an individual’s physical health, mental health, spirituality, interpersonal functioning, occupational functioning, academic functioning, and domestic functioning. For instance, an individual may develop hepatitis, become depressed, experience a crisis of faith, become estranged from their spouse, lose their job, fail a class, get evicted from their home, and/or get sent to jail, all due at least in part to their addiction. According to ASAM, addiction is a progressive disease and without treatment or participation in recovery work, addiction can result in disability or premature death.
Even after an individual completes treatment and is working to stay in recovery, relapses can happen. Relapse is not exclusive to addiction, but is also common in many chronic diseases, including high blood pressure and diabetes. In addiction, relapse may be triggered by exposure to substances, environmental cues, emotional stressors, and physical stressors. For instance, going to a bar, going to a friend’s house where you used to use, sadness, or fatigue could all potentially trigger relapse. Relapse does not mean that the individual is a failure or cannot get better, it simply means that they need to reengage with treatment. If an individual with previously controlled diabetes starts having high blood sugar levels again, we provide them with the help and tools to get their blood sugar back under control. Individuals who relapse need the same assistance and support.
Risk Factors for Addiction
There are many factors that can increase an individual’s risk of developing an addiction, including their genetics, environment, biology, psychology, age of first use, addictiveness of drug used, and frequency of drug use. Environmental risk factors may include family, culture, peers, social support (or lack thereof), trauma, stressors, toxins, and availability/accessibility of substances. Biological risk factors may include deficits in neurological function, inflammation from various causes, and other physical illnesses. Psychological risk factors may include thought patterns, cognitive (thought) and affective (mood) distortions, temperament (personality), impulse control, and other mental illnesses.
Insurances we accept,
- Presbyterian Commercial/Medicaid/Medicare
- Blue Cross Blue Shield Commercial/Medicaid/Medicare
- Western Sky Community Care
- New Mexico Health Connections
- True Health New Mexico
- Tricare West
- United Healthcare
- Champ VA
- Medicaid and Medicare